Buddha Jayanti or Vaisakhi Buddha Purnima or Vesak, the festival of Buddha Purnima is based on the Asian lunisolar calendar and marks the birth of Gautama Buddha. It is celebrated with great fervor in India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Tibet and numerous other South East Asian countries including Thailand, Tibet, China, Korea, Laos, Vietnam, Mongolia, Cambodia and Indonesia.
It falls on a full moon day in the month of Baishakh. The Vesak full moon day is the most important day in the Buddhist calendar.
According to the British Library blog, “Every full moon day is an auspicious day for Buddhists, but the most important of all is the day of the full moon in May, because three major events in the life of the Gautama Buddha took place on this day. First, the Buddha-to-be, Prince Siddhartha was born at Lumbini Grove on the full moon day in May. Secondly, after six years of hardship, he attained enlightenment under the shade of the Bodhi tree and became Gautama Buddha at Bodh Gaya also on the full moon day of May. Thirdly, after 45 years of teaching the Truth, when he was eighty, at Kusinara, he passed away to nibbana, the cessation of all desire, on the full moon day of May.”
The Sanskrit word Buddha meaning awakening or the awakened. Buddha, a great personality, teacher, philosopher, governess, and guide, completely awakened from the desires of worldly attachments. Such a great teacher who in his discourse helped to awaken people from worldly lusts and tensions by recognizing religion and law in the world rather than saying that God created the world. Just as when buying a product or a machine, you can use the booklet/ user’s manual with the facts of how to use it and not, so the Buddha has given the use of the manual about the ease and success of life and the world. The Buddha, who taught to sow the seeds of truth and peace in the field of the heart, was born in 543 BC in the middle of a saline orchard in the present-day Kapilbastu district of Nepal. Today, the world has followed the Buddha’s ideals.
History and significance:
The real name of the Buddha is Siddhartha Gautama and it is said that he walked 7 steps to the north with his birth and pointed his finger towards the wind. According to this, he is considered to be the great soul and the last incarnation of God on earth. This pool, which was bathed by Siddhartha Gautam, is called Siddhartha Kunda, his mother died tragically after 7 days of Buddha’s birth. However, the highly disciplined and dignified prince Siddhartha Gautam married Yashodhara at the age of 16. At the age of 29, Siddhartha Gautama, who had the habit of showing deep affection to all living beings and creatures, left all comforts and set out in pursuit of knowledge and reasons.
This prince was in search of knowledge to alleviate the pain and suffering of human life, and the philosophy and knowledge gained by his penance years later is the Buddhist manifest. On the path to enlightenment, Siddhartha Gautama observed the condition of the sick, the wounded, the greedy, as well as the people who became monks by donating everything to others.
After that, Siddhartha Gautama, who decided to become a monk, is the Gautam Buddha in the world today. Thus, searching for the cause of worldly misery, he left home at the age of 29 and took penance under a tree at a place called Bodh Gaya. During his penance, Buddha attained Samyak Samvodhi, that is, great knowledge. In the years that followed, he shared the same knowledge and was called Lord Buddha all over the world.
The Buddha is the master of the world for peace, truth, non-violence, and simplicity. The incessant flow of his knowledge more than 2500 years ago has given a new calm dimension to the human community. Let’s discuss this great man Gautam Buddha on the day of Baishakh Shukla Purnima, i.e. Buddha Jayanti. This Baishakh Shukla Purnima is of great importance in the life of Gautam Buddha. His birth, attainment of knowledge, and Samadhi took place on this Baishakh Purnima day.
Buddhism is not only an atheistic religion but also a philosophy of non-violence, iniquity, and untruth, a universal philosophy. This religion is based on the teachings of Gautama Buddha and his followers under Shakyamuni. Gautama Buddha is considered to be the fourth samyak sambuddha of the present age. Buddhism is practiced by over 350 million people worldwide and is the fourth largest religion in the world. Nepal is also called the land of peace as the origin of this Buddha philosophy is spread all over the world. Therefore, various countries around the world have built wonderful temples and monasteries in the birthplace of the Buddha today.
Buddha attained Nirvana at the age of 80. He attained enlightenment after intense ascetic meditation at Bodh Gaya. The collection of all the teachings and teachings of Buddhism is called Tripitaka. The Tripitaka describes in detail the 32 physical qualities of Buddhism.
There are 84,000 Gyan Sutras, including 82,000 from Buddha and 2,000 from his chief disciples. The main philosophical principle of Buddhism is pratitya (samutpada), the basic virtues of impermanence, misery, and selflessness are considered to be the basic principles of Buddhism.
Gautama Buddha is considered by Hindus to be one of the ten incarnations of Lord Vishnu. Gautam Buddha is also called the star of Asia. As Buddha was born in Nepal, the Government of Nepal has been giving public leave every year on the occasion of Buddha Jayanti.
Buddha means a great man who has attained enlightenment or has recognized the ultimate truth. If the Buddha’s knowledge is absorbed, the earth will be a wonderful planet, the world needs another Buddha, come back Shakyamuni, bring the message of peace.
Devotees of Buddha visit temples, light candles and incense sticks, pray and offer sweets and fruits before the statue of Lord Buddha. Sermons on the life and teachings of Buddha are held and attended by followers all over. People usually dress in white, do not consume non-vegetarian food and distribute kheer, as according to Buddhist lore, on this day a woman named Sujata had offered Buddha a bowl of milk porridge.
Today, Buddha Jayanti is celebrated in its way from the North to the South Pole of the world, from the Dead Sea to the Marianas Trench in the Pacific Ocean, and from Benaras to Beijing. Even though the physical body is destroyed, the Buddha is still present in the minds of all of us through his knowledge, words, and spiritual skills.